On July 1, presidential elections were held in Mexico, in the midst of an electoral campaign marked by political violence in the country. The Mexicans elected Andrés Manuel López Obrador as successor to President Enrique Peña Nieto; as well as senators and federal and local deputies; mayors and councilors; regidores, municipal boards and sindicaturas.
During the electoral campaign, the climate of political violence resulted in 113 murdered politicians and candidates, turning out to be the bloodiest electoral campaign in history. Most of the victims belonged to the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), with 44 murders, 34% of all crimes committed against politicians. It was followed by the National Action Party (PAN) which resulted in 43 victims and the National Regeneration Movement (MORERA), with 18 dead candidates. To which we should add, more than 400 aggressions of all kinds to former mayors and councilors.
Mexico, suffered in 2017, 31,174 murders, beating all the records established since 1977, year in which the statistics began. In fact, the mandate of Enrique Peña, has accumulated almost 120,000 deaths, surpassing that of his predecessor Felipe Calderón, (2006 – 2012); since it was one of the main electoral promises that led him to win the 2012 elections, with the aim of putting an end to the wave of insecurity and violence that was ravaging the Mexican nation.
The previous President, Felipe Calderón, declared war on the drug traffickers known as «the drug cartels,» who until then had been operating with impunity in Mexico. It deployed the Armed Forces by several States to initiate a fierce struggle between the Government of the Nation and organized crime.
The result was a spiral of violence that led to Mexico in 2011, for the first time, the figure of 27,000 murders in a year, since the greater the police pressure, the greater was also the violence used by criminals against the civilian population .
However, Peña Nieto arrived with a different proposal. His idea was to take the military out of the streets, little by little, to leave the tasks of public security in the hands of the police, establishing as a priority objective to fight the cartels. With this strategy, it has managed to eliminate or put between bars to 107 of the 122 heads of drug trafficking, including Joaquin «El Chapo» Guzman, head of the Sinaloa cartel.
The arrest of these leaders has had serious consequences for the civilian population. By eliminating the perpetrators, the different criminal gangs have undergone processes of internal struggle to seize the power of the cartel. While before the bosses were known, there are now hundreds of groups fighting each other, to divide the control of the territory with the bloodiest result in history.
Between the two ex-Presidents, Calderón and Peña Nieto, there are almost 250,000 dead in 12 years. This figure is too high for a country that, officially, is not at war against anyone, such as Syria, which has been fighting a civil war since 2011 and where an estimated 500,000 people have died.
This is the scenario that the new President of the Republic, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, found on December 1, when he took office. Your inevitable Plan to Combat Crime will have to include numerous measures of a social nature to stop crime from its origins and not from the effects, because the latter already know and are devastating.