The last days of Napoleon

Source: Cadena Ser

Officially he dies of stomach cancer, better known as pyloric cirrhosis. Dressed in his hunter’s uniform, it would be veiled until the 9th and after a mass celebrated by the Abbe Vignali, the coffin would be carried by twelve grenadiers.

Napoleon’s mother claimed the remains of his son to England, but had no answer. The years passed and in 1840 a commission arrived at the island of Santa Elena in which they appeared old companions of the emperor, among them, the son of the count of The Cases, the one that writes the «Memorial of Santa Elena», first biography of Napoleón , to exhume their remains and transfer them to the Invalides of Paris, where they remain today.

Lately he questions how he died and if the mortuary remains found in his tomb are really those of Napoleon Bonaparte. The French historian Bruno Roy-Henry believes that the British authorities could have removed the mortuary remains before returning his coffin to France in the late 1840s, and that the corpse would be that of another man.

To make matters worse, an international team of scientists said in February 2001 that Napoleon died poisoned with arsenic. The study presented in Paris refutes the idea of ​​historians and the autopsy carried out that they always talked about stomach cancer. The former emperor’s steward, Louis Marchand, was the first to suspect that the man he served was poisoned and to record it in his memoirs (published in 1955).

Canadian doctor Ben Weider, who presided over the International Napoleonic Society, believed it. However, this statement is questioned according to a later study published by the French magazine Sciencie et Vie in 2002. They worked with hairs taken from Napoleon’s own hair in 1805, 1814 and 1821, submitting the nineteen strands to the test more Sophisticated that exists, the synchrotron beam, located in Grenoble. The report concludes that the high concentrations of arsenic detected in the hair locks analyzed, are not due to the ingestion of this substance, but appear in all the samples of the hair of the emperor, collected in a period of more than fifteen years. Conclusion: Napoleon did not die from ingesting arsenic.

After measuring the waistband of 12 pants worn by Napoleon between 1800 and 1821, the researchers observed that he lost a lot of weight, about 11 kilos, during his last year of life, which, according to them, was a sign that he had a chronic disease, apart of his ulcer, and coincides with the symptoms of gastric cancer. So many laps to finally reach the diagnosis of the first autopsy performed by the French doctor Antommarchi?